Glossary of musical terms

Clave de sol      Treble clef (“G”clef). For the high notes (the right-hand side of the keyboard). The note that appears in the second line of the staff (where the clef forms a spiral) is the G located above the central C of the piano.


Clave de sol 8ª png      The 8 that is located above the clef shows that the piece must be read in the “G” clef, but played an octave above what is written (the following note of the same name moving upwards, towards the right).

 


Clave de fa png      Bass clef (“F” clef). For lower notes (the left-hand part of the keyboard). The note appearing in the fourth line of the staff (where the clef has two points) is the F located below the central C of the piano. 


     Abbreviation de piano (en italiano: sonido suave)


     Abreviatura de pianissimo (en italiano: sonido muy suave)


     Abreviatura de mezzo piano (en italiano: sonido medio, más bien suave)

 


     Abreviatura de mezzo forte (en italiano: sonido medio, más bien fuerte)


     Abreviatura de forte (en italiano: sonido fuerte)